Gibsons perceptial theory
I heard abut J. J. Gibsons work on visual perception in my ICT lectures, where we are focusing on Psychology and ICT in the primary school. I studied Gibsons work alongside Gestalt theory and found that Gibsons work is very different from Gestalt theory and its five main priniciples. Gibson focuses on optical flow, affordance, direct perception, ecological psychology and realism where Gesalt theory has many other perceptions.
What does Gibson suggest about perceptual learning?
Gibson’s optical flow, which is the pattern of motion of objects, surfaces and edges. This is between an observer of the pattern, which can be either a person or a camera in a particular scene, as you can see from the link above.
He also studied the term ‘affordance’ which is the opportunities for someone to do an action because of an object or environment. This concept was researced in collaboration with Donald Norman. Gibson became strongly in favor of direct perception and realism, where, he termed a new approach; ecological psychology (psychology in the environment). This is a big part of psychology in the real world including schools as opposed to artifical environments including labatories.
How does his research relate to ICT?
ICT can rlate to affordance in numerous ways as the use of technology such as portable devices like the tablet allows consumers/users to have increased opportunities for actions towards a problem in a particulat environment, as Gibbson suggests. Although, he rejected the information processing veiw of psychology which describes the processing of information in any detachable manner by an observer. Does technology not help us do that? And help us put it into our Working Memory.
Gibson and primary education
In my opinion, this, as Gestalt theory, makes teachers consider what resources they use and how the children react to it. This can be discussed for Physical, Social, Health Education (PSHE) and assessment of the way, us as teachers or prospect teachers, are delivering lessons. Although, this discussion can be a big part of any lesson as long as it does not divert attention away from the main topic or theme of the lesson.